DMT/死藤水使用的生理与心理的健康和安全

本人不建议使用合法或不合法的致幻剂,所有内容只限于理论层面的业余讨论。我相信绝大部分的人还是应该在现在的这个世界好好生活,有些东西真的不是谁都适合。

不同的研究显示DMT在生理上是相对安全的,巴西和各个国家的多个研究组织对源自亚马逊雨林主要成分是DMT的口服液体饮料“死藤水”进行了不同的研究,结果表达在小心操作以及合理剂量的情况下不会产生负面的认知、心理和生理的影响。 对于气化吸入DMT还没有大量的研究,但是似乎没有迹象表明它在任何情况下比其他给药形式更危险。目前为止还没有一例因为采用吸入方式使用DMT致死的报告。采用吸入的方式不会导致过量的危险,因为药效生效的时间之快,以致使用者只有在进入“另外维度”之前吸入一定剂量(药理上安全)。

然而:

  • 有诸如心率增加的可能或有心脏或其它对生命产生危害疾病的人,在咨询合格的医疗专业人员前不应使用DMT。
  • 此外,在“旅程”期间,使用者可能暂时失去现实世界中的方向感,因此在在悬崖、池塘和锋利尖锐物体旁边服用DMT绝对不是一个好主意。
请在身体安全的范围下进行你的旅程,并且记得在地上避免跌倒。
  • 千万避免在使用单胺氧化酶抑制剂(MAOIs 例如死藤水)的时候同时服用其他兴奋类药物 (例如安非他命,MDMA等) 或神经类药物 (如抗抑郁药物), 这可能导致血清素综合征,导致抽搐,甚至死亡!

上述研究表明,在严格控制的环境中,死藤水(口服DMT)即使长期服用,也不会引起认知/情感/社会问题。使用在幸福和健康的水平都有提高。然而,这些使用者是来自有共同价值观和成员之间不断支持的群体。他们在使用环境氛围的安排,和摄入过程中都提供不同程度的帮组和支持,让整个体验变得顺畅。

另一方面,气化DMT尚未成为已发表的研究的焦点。在药效几乎瞬时的发挥和体验的强烈程度(例如使用者在一分钟或更短时间内进入到整个体验的高潮),会导致出现心理恐慌和存在恐惧的可能性。体验里的不可知性可以让使用者在体验的余波里情绪变得脆弱。如上所述,摄入过程会出现大和小的问题并不罕见,大多数在不同程度上体验过旅程的人在某种程度上都会碰到过。非常重要的是,计划使用气化吸入DMT的人在心态和环境这两个关键因素上需要特别留意,要带着尊重的心态,花时间消化和感悟整个体验。

与其他迷幻剂一样,DMT会带来非常强烈的情感/精神体验,因此具有个人或家庭精神病史的患者不宜使用,迷幻体验可能会唤醒潜伏性精神分裂症或加剧先前存在的精神疾病。

虽然有报告显示出现过成功治愈抑郁和其他精神疾病的“心灵治愈”的案例,但DMT和其他迷幻剂不代表对所有人和所有疾病都有效。情绪不稳定或正在经历生活中的困难时刻的人应该意识到这种体验会给他们带来的特殊风险。如果在彻底了解可能存在的风险后,他们仍然决定这样做,那么建议只在经验丰富的人、专业人员或萨满的监督下进行体验,以及特别注意心态和环境这两个关键因素。

至少有一个案例报告一个使用者在使用DMT后出现精神崩溃。大多数对DMT有兴趣的的人都有可能使用其他精神药物的纪录,请注意这个对心理健康会有潜在影响的风险。有些使用者出现心理状况,可能是因为他原来已经存在的问题,因为每个人的心理健康史都不一样,由于这些原因,尚不清楚由于使用DMT而导致的精神健康问题是否的孤立事件。

无论你的心理健康状态如何,在你开始踏入DMT的世界前,请对自己负责先做好详细的研究。

Researches have been made showing the relative physical safety of DMT. Ayahuasca, the DMT-containing brew from the Amazon, has been studied by multidisciplinary groups in Brazil and other countries and was shown that in reasonable doses in a careful context, it presents no negative cognitive/psychiatric/physical consequences.There is yet little research into vaporized DMT, but there seems to be no sign that it is in any way more dangerous physically than other administration forms. There are no reported deaths from smoking DMT. Smoking it will not lead to a dangerous overdose because the onset is so quick that one can only inhale a certain (pharmacologicaly safe)amount before being gone to ´hyperspace', without being able to smoke more until one is down again.However:
  • Somatic effects such as possibility of increased heart-rate means people with dangerous heart or other life-threatening conditions are contra-indicated, and should NOT use DMT unless they have consulted a qualified health professional about it.
  • Also, it is possible that during the experience, one temporarily loses orientation in the consensus reality, so smoking/ingesting next to a cliff, sharp objects, etc, is not a good idea.
BE IN A PHYSICALLY SAFE ENVIRONMENT!, and remember to never trip above ground level.
  • DO NOT use MAOIs (so for example an ayahuasca brew) together with stimulants (like mdma/amphetamines) or SSRI medication (like prozac), this can cause serotonin syndrome and lead to convulsions or even death!
 The research mentioned above has shown that in a careful controlled setting, ayahuasca (oral DMT) use, even with a certain regularity, causes no cognitive/emotional/social problems. Users presented elevated levels of happiness and health. Nevertheless, these users were part of a strong-knit community with shared values and constant support between the members. The controlled setting they partook the substance in helped them make sense of the experience and special care has been taken in integration (see Integration section below).Vaporized DMT, on the other hand, has not been the focus of published studies. The overwhelmingly extreme nature of the experience, as well as the almost instantaneous onset (wherein the user is launched into the peak experience within a minute or less) lends itself to the possibilities of panic and existential terror. The complete and utter inscrutability of the experience can leave one vulnerable in the aftermath. As mentioned above, integration issues big and small are not at all uncommon. Most who have traveled to any degree have dealt with this in some way. It is very important that those planing on vaporizing DMT take a special care with set and setting, approach with a respectful attitude and take time for integrating experiences.Like with other psychedelics, DMT provides a very powerful emotional/mental experience, so those with personal or family psychiatric history are contra-indicated. A psychedelic experience can possibly waken a latent schizophrenia or exarcebate a pre-existing mental illness.While there are several cases of 'psychological healing' and anecdotal reports of cured depressions and other mental issues, DMT and other psychedelics should not be considered a cure-all and will not heal everybody. People who are unstable emotionally or going through some very difficult moments in life should be aware of the special risks that undertaking this experience has for them. If, after informing themselves thoroughly of the possible risks, they still decide to do it, then it's recommended to do it only under the supervision of an experienced person/professional/shaman, as well as taking special good care with set and setting and integration.There has been at least one case witnessed in this forum where a member appeared to suffer from a mental-breakdown following DMT usage. Most people who are drawn to DMT have a history of use with other substances that could potentially have had negative impacts on mental health. Some may be bringing existing problems with them- we are not aware of the mental health history of members. For these reasons, it is unclear whether isolated instances of mental health problems are due to DMT usage.If you feel that your mental health may not be in tip-top condition, and even if it is, research very carefully before deciding if you want to commit to this path.

2 Comments

  1. 小白鸽说道:

    致幻剂是否具有类似毒品的副作用 致幻剂的副作用是什么?

  2. 小白鸽说道:

    致幻剂是否具有类似毒品的副作用 致幻剂的副作用是什么? 具有生理上的伤害吗?

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